- 1 What caused Easter Island to collapse?
- 2 What happened to the population on Easter Island?
- 3 What happened to Easter Island environment?
- 4 Who owns the Easter Islands?
- 5 Did Easter Island ever have trees?
- 6 Are there snakes on Easter Island?
- 7 Is Easter Island safe to visit?
- 8 Does anyone live on Easter Island today?
- 9 What really happened on Easter Island?
- 10 How did Easter Island die?
- 11 Are there still rats on Easter Island?
- 12 How did humans get to Easter Island?
- 13 How were the moai moved?
What caused Easter Island to collapse?
Around 1200 A.D., their growing numbers and an obsession with building moai led to increased pressure on the environment. By the end of the 17th century, the Rapanui had deforested the island, triggering war, famine and cultural collapse.
What happened to the population on Easter Island?
The island was victimized by blackbirding from 1862 to 1863, resulting in the abduction or killing of about 1,500, with 1,408 working as indentured servants in Peru. Only about a dozen eventually returned to Easter Island, but they brought smallpox, which decimated the remaining population of 1,500.
What happened to Easter Island environment?
The most striking story of Easter Island, however, is its collapse. Easter Island is one of the most extreme examples of deforestation in the world: the entire forest is gone and all tree species extinct. Evidence suggests forest harvesting started around 900 and peaked in 1400.
Who owns the Easter Islands?
Known as Rapa Nui to its earliest inhabitants, the island was christened Paaseiland, or Easter Island, by Dutch explorers in honor of the day of their arrival in 1722. It was annexed by Chile in the late 19th century and now maintains an economy based largely on tourism.
Did Easter Island ever have trees?
Easter Island was covered with palm trees for over 30,000 years, but is treeless today. There is good evidence that the trees largely disappeared between 1200 and 1650. For example, deforestation took place on the Hawaiian island of Oahu between 900 and 1100, but there is no evidence of human presence there until 1250.
Are there snakes on Easter Island?
Easter Island Wildlife. There are not much variety of Easter Island animals due to its extreme isolation. There is no native mammal in its terrestrial wildlife. There are no known species of snakes on the island.
Is Easter Island safe to visit?
According to the U.S. State Department, crime rates throughout Chile are fairly low. Most visitors to Easter Island travel through the capital city of Santiago which, like any big city, has a higher crime rate. Crime on Easter Island is infrequent, but it is always wise to keep an eye on your money.
Does anyone live on Easter Island today?
About 5,000 people live on Easter Island today, and thousands of tourists come to see the anthropomorphic “moai” statues each year.
What really happened on Easter Island?
According to Easter Island: The Truth Revealed, approximately 1,500 to 2,000 people – half the population – were taken in 1862 in a raid by slave traders from Peru to work there, predominately in agriculture. They brought disease with them and much of the remaining population was decimated.
How did Easter Island die?
There are many popular theories as to why these people died, ranging from disease and conflict to deforestation. However, the most popular theory is that they managed to commit ecocide, which is when you destroy your natural surroundings so much so that it actually becomes unusable and eventually dies.
Are there still rats on Easter Island?
Anthropologist Terry Hunt and colleagues say that introduced Polynesian rats may have caused the deforestation of the island’s 16 million palm trees which were key to sustaining Easter’s human population. Virtually no animals besides rats inhabited the island and the natives lacked sea-worthy boats.
How did humans get to Easter Island?
Linguists estimate Easter Island’s first inhabitants arrived around AD 400, and most agree that they came from East Polynesia. These linguistic links point to a genealogical bond that ties the people of the Pacific to one another. Indeed, in 1994, DNA from 12 Easter Island skeletons was found to be Polynesian.
How were the moai moved?
With one rope around the head of the statue and another around the base, they ” walked” the moai replica forward by swiveling and rocking it from side to side. Using this method, Pavel Pavel estimated that an experienced crew could move a statue approximately 650 feet each day.